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Land use changes, sustainable land use patterns along rivers

We’ve been working in the Bodrogköz region since 2001. This is an ongoing activity of MAKK, a mixture of research, consultancy and participatory activities.

The Bokartisz landscape rehabilitation program was founded by 12 municipalities of the Bodrogköz — the area between the rivers Tisza and Bodrog — and three non-profit organizations.
The founders are the villages of Vajdácska, Alsóberecki, Felsőberecki, Bodroghalom, Karos, Karcsa, Pácin, Kisrozvágy, Nagyrozvágy, Semjén, Tiszacsermely, Tiszakarád and MAKK Hungarian Environmental Economics Centre, the Palocsa Association and the E-misszió Association.
Its name is made up of letters from the two main rivers, Bodrog and Tisza, and the once major waterway of the region, Karcsa: Bo(drog), Kar(csa), Tisz(a).

The goal of the program is to devise and implement a plan for sustainable economic development in accordance with nature and based on landscape rehabilitation, in order to help locals become active participants in the shaping of their region’s society, economy and ecology. One of the main actions of Bokartisz was the launching of the ecology-based farming programme in the Bodrogköz area, called „The Last Straw”. The programme’s aim is to provide conditions similar to those once natural, due to the regular floods, and to re-create the original, mosaic-like landscape structure. Regular and regulated water drainage and water management that fulfils the requirements of farming are important elements of the system on the model areas. Dried-out backwaters and remnants of brooks of the former flood plains may serve as a basis for this water system. The mosaic landscape structure and its regulated water ways have a good effect on the biological diversity and the water management of the area.
Makk provides the economic expertise for the Bokartisz Program. Our activity range from finding the best payment vehicle for landowners to be able to adopt in their agricultural methods to the emerging possibilities and constraints of floodplain farming; to distil the estimation of economic value of usufructs that we can gain from giving the river back to the landscape.

You can find more details about the program at

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